Category: Health Info

Digestion: how does it affect our health?

A healthy diet is not the only determinant of good nutrition. Equally important is a healthy digestive system – the collection of organs that together turn food into a form the body can use. Another name for the digestive system is the alimentary canal, the tube that begins in the mouth and includes the pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines, and anus.

This is a vital mechanism because, if an individual cannot properly process even the most nutritious foods, then he or she will not be well nourished. Digestion prepares food to be absorbed, used and stored by breaking it down into nutrients particles small enough to pass through the intestinal walls and into the bloodstream.

During digestion, all nutrients are converted in stages into their simplest components: carbohydrates are converted into glucose or other simple sugars. proteins break down into their constituent amino acids and fats are converted into fatty acids. Digestion takes place in three consecutive phases that alternate between alkalinity and acidity, first in the mouth, then in the stomach and finally in the intestines.

Acid and alkaline are relative terms that indicate the concentration of hydrogen ions (hydrogen atoms containing a positive electrical charge) in a solution. The acidity or alkalinity of a solution is measured on the pH scale. A reading of 7 indicates that a solution is neutral, neither acidic nor alkaline. A reading of less than 7 means that the solution is acidic. A reading above 7 indicates that a solution is alkaline.

The first stage of digestion begins in the mouth

Stage One: The mouth

The first stage of digestion begins in the mouth, where food is chewed and broken down into smaller particles. The mouth contains the tongue, hard and soft palates, and three pairs of salivary-sublingual, submaxillary and parotid glands. The parotid glands are the largest and sit on either side of the face, underneath and in front of each ear. The submaxillary glands are located under the jaw on either side of the face. The two sublingual glands are located under the tongue, one on each side.

Saliva, the liquid in the mouth, is secreted by the salivary glands when an individual sees, smells, tastes, or thinks about food. Saliva is alkaline and contains an enzyme called piyalin, which helps soften and dissolve foods by breaking them down into simpler components. Saliva also lubricates chewed food, which makes swallowing easier. The muscular tube called the pharynx links the mouth to the esophagus, another muscular tube that leads to the upper part of the stomach. Once ingested, the now semi-solid food mass is pushed through the esophagus.

Stage Two: The Stomach

The gastric stage of digestion begins when the peristaltic or muscular movements of the esophagus propel the dietary mass into the stomach. The stomach is a muscular, pouch-shaped organ that flattens when empty and relaxes when full. Gastric juice – essentially hydrochloric acid (HCL) – secreted by cells in the stomach wall saturates the food mass. Gastric juice works with an enzyme called pepsin to break down proteins into their constituent amino acids.

Another enzyme, lipase, begins the breakdown of fats into fatty acids. In addition, the stomach kneads food in a thick semi liquid substance called chemo. Most bacteria in food are destroyed during the gastric stage. How long a meal stays in the stomach depends on what has been consumed, for example, a meal high in protein and fat takes longer to digest than a meal high in carbohydrates. The chyme passes through an opening in the stomach, the pylorus, which connects the stomach to the small intestine. A subset of the food channel, stomach and intestines of humans and other mammals are collectively referred to as the gastrointestinal tract.

Stage Three: The Intestines

Most digestion and all nutrient absorption takes place in the small intestine. This 20 foot long tube is extremely twisted and fits snugly into the abdominal cavity. It has three distinct sections: the duodenum, jejunum and ileum. Jejunum is the largest section of the small intestine; it also has thicker walls, is the richest in blood vessels, and contains most folds and creases. Intestinal secretions contain many enzymes, including those that act on sugars to make them usable components. These enzymes include maliasa, which converts maltose into glucose; lactase, which breaks down lactose into glucose and galactose; and sucrose, which transforms sucrose into glucose and fructose.

A secretion from the pancreas, called pancreatic amylase, first converts starch into dextrin and then maltose. Another intestinal enzyme, polypeptidase, breaks down proteins into their individual amino acids. Many other organs work together to provide a variety of substances that help carry out this stage of digestion. These include the liver, gallbladder, pancreas, kidneys, and spleen. The liver – located on the upper right side of the abdomen, near the outside of the body – is a large organ, which weighs about four pounds. The liver converts sugar into glycogen, which can be stored in the body until it becomes necessary and then can be broken down again and used for energy.

In addition, this organ makes bile, a combination of cholesterol and red blood cells that is passed along the gallbladder for storage and used in the digestive process. The gallbladder is a membranous muscle sac that attaches in its upper part to the back of the liver. Four inches long and pear-shaped, the gallbladder squeezes bile into the duodenum during the digestive process. The pancreas secretes lipase enzymes that, with the help of bile, break down fats into fatty acids and glycerol. Other pancreatic enzymes, called proteases, convert proteins into individual amino acids, as does the intestinal enzyme polypeptidase. In addition, the pancreas produces a hormone called insulin, which helps tissues absorb glucose.

Located on the back of the abdomen, the six-inch long pancreas weighs less than six ounces and is shaped like a tongue. Its right side forms a “head” abroad that is tuned to a narrower “tail”. The two kidneys are located toward the spine at approximately waist level. They also weigh less than six ounces each, remove waste and excess water from the blood, dissolving waste in the water to produce urine. The spleen is a ductless gland about six inches long and is shaped like a kidney. It is located near the outer edge of the body above the left kidney.

In addition to destroying old blood cells, storing blood and producing white blood cells, the spleen also stores iron and copper. Usually weighs less than half a pound, the size and weight of the spleen varies with the age and health status of the individual. Nutrients reach the bloodstream in one of two ways. The wall of the small intestine is carpeted with millions of tiny projections of less than one-fifth of an inch long called villi. These, in turn, are covered with a smaller roll, which absorbs amino acids and glucose and transports them into the bloodstream.

In addition, nutrients can also bypass hairiness that spreads directly through the intestinal wall. Through the bag-shaped cecum, the ileum connects the small intestine to the large intestine, which is about five feet long and surrounds the upper and sides of the small intestine. Undigested foods go to the colon, the main section of the large intestine, for temporary storage, waste moves through the colon and out of the body through the rectum and anus, the lower opening of the alimentary canal. A diet high in fiber (which is not digestible) and water produces bulky wastes that move easily through the colon.

Metabolism, the Greek word for “change”, refers to all the chemical reactions that occur within the body and its billions of cells. These include maintaining body temperature, breathing, blood circulation, urinary secretion, digestion, and formation of body cells and tissues. Any metabolic process requires fuel derived from nutrients. Basal metabolism is the amount of energy needed to maintain basic functions when the body is at rest, but not asleep, and on an empty stomach. Basal metabolism varies from person to person, depending on weight, age, gender, and activity level.

Tips for sleeping well

Apart from making worse the snort, although it may seem that alcohol helps us sleep, it is truly a false sensation, while it will later prevent us from resting.

We do not always rest the hours that we would like or wish. If you also have problems sleeping well, you do not miss these recommendations and tips that will help you fall asleep and will improve your rest.

Exercising is essential if your goal is to get a good night’s sleep. And that being physically active with easy activities as walking, running or swimming will make us get conciliating the fastest dream. In addition to this, we will achieve a deeper rest and wake us less throughout the night. Of course, avoid extreme exercise, at least, from four hours already before going to bed.

Establishing schedules and with them a routine is going to be key to organizing our hours of sleep. For this reason, the best way to get a good night’s sleep is to lie down every day at exactly the same time and awaken at exactly the same time, whenever possible. In this way, what you will get will be to train your body through clear patterns of conciliation of the dream that, in addition to this, will make you sleep earlier and get up considerably more rested.

If you smoke you have many reasons to try to stop it and one of them is to get better sleep. While may not seem it, smoking can be harmful in the moment to getting a perfect rest. The reason is simple: nicotine causes an effect on our body that complicates that we fall asleep. If you want to get a suitable rest, you should to prevent that this harmful substance will enter your body.

Separate drinks with caffeine. Caffeinated beverages can also complicate the reconciliation of sleep. Choices such as coffee, tea or soft drinks can end up being more complex at bedtime and will also increase the need for waking up to go to the bathroom throughout the night, so avoid them.

Reduces alcohol consumption. If you are accustomed to take daily for very little that you  try to leave this habit. Alcohol depresses the restless system that is responsible for making us fall asleep. Yes it gives a sudden dream, but then it will make you wake up and it will also prevent you from getting a good night’s sleep. Just in case this was not enough, alcohol increases snoring and other sleep related breathing problems that are going to make rest not of quality.

Watch out for naps. Taking a nap may be fine but you really should measure the time you do. Napping is going to be good if you do not do it for more than twenty minutes. Otherwise you will end up preventing sleep at night. If you do not fall asleep, get up. If you do not fall asleep during a period of about twenty or thirty minutes the best thing is going to be that you get up. Staying in bed will end up getting more restless and it will be more difficult that in the finish you can fall asleep as you want.

Avoid doing activities that may finish generating a greater excitement and that, in the end, do not fall asleep.

The solution?

It is easier than you think; get up and do some activity that invites relaxation such as reading. Going back and forth in bed over hours will not speed up the process and will only make you despair.

Create a good resting area. The room in which you sleep must be an area where calm and silence reign. So forget to put the mobile, the laptop or the T.V. in this zone of rest.

The most convenient is that it is an area dark, partially fresh and as gentle as possible.

The room will have to be tidy and with few objects around to facilitate that calm environment that is needed to achieve a restful and quality sleep.

Avoid resorting to sleeping pills. The sleeping pills will not solve the inconvenience more than for a while. Thus, avoid sleeping pills and consult with a doctor the most efficient way to fall asleep. You can also specify a treatment to take only a period, but try to be as short as possible so you do not end up producing a dependency.

The bed is for sleeping, not so that you are watching a series on the computer or with some other electronic device. Avoid doing activities that may finish generating a greater excitement and that, in the end, do not fall asleep.

What exactly is healthy food y how incorporate them every day

A definition of healthy food is a food that acts as medicine, providing favorable and specific effects on health. In the US, the average health food is used to define foods that are low in fat and sugar. Excessive consumption of fats and sugary foods will lead to obesity. While there is no precise definition of “healthy food,” the FDA has warned against putting healthy food samples if the product contains high levels of sugar, fat and salt.healthy foods to eat

The Nutrition that Your Body Needs

There are many types of food that you could eat each day. It is not, however, a food that could provide enough nutrition that your body needs. Therefore, your healthy food choices can either promote your health or increase your risks of developing a lifestyle by continually tending toward obesity. Here are 5 healthy foods that should be part of your diet, to achieve a healthy life.

Some examples of healthy food

Avocado

Recently, science is interested in an active compound found in avocados. Recent studies find that this compound can inhibit the growth of prostate cancer cells in the laboratory. In addition to that, avocados contain a variety of antioxidants, including compounds that fight diseases such as beta-carotene and vitamin E.

Peanut butter

More than 5 major investigations have concluded that eating peanuts can lower the risk of coronary heart disease. Also of that, eating peanut butter does not promote weight gain. This is due in part to the fact that peanut butter is a filling snack nothing more. Even though peanut butter contains high amounts of fats and calories, if you only need a small amount to quench hunger, it will not promote weight gain.

The raisins

Raisins are a great source of iron, which helps transport oxygen. One cup of these contains 436 calories, or fat, and 6 grams of fiber.

The yogurt

Yogurts contain bacteria that help fungal infections and prevent calcium to strengthen bones. If you are lactose intolerant, yogurt does not bother your digestive system. One cup of yogurt contains 155 calories and 4 grams of fat.

Mushtrooms

A cup of mushrooms contains only 18 calories. The compound found in the mushroom however, can go as far as boosting the immune function to suppress prostate cancer. Penn State researchers find that the mushroom contains lots of antioxidant called L-ergotionein. In addition to that, mushroom will help blood pressure caused by low levels of potassium. An interesting fact, five white button mushrooms have more potassium than orange.

Eggs

Eggs are one of the richest sources on the hill. Choline is important for brain function. A recent study by researchers in North Carolina found that adding choline to the diet of the pregnant animal improves the memory performance of your children. In addition, eggs also contain a quantity of lutein and zeaxanthin that can keep the eyes healthy and possibly prevent macular degeneration, the main causes of blindness. Eggs contain the highest quality protein on the planet and are loaded with vital nutrients. At a mere 75 calories, eggs make clever low-calorie diet choices. Healthy food is not just a diet, but the proposal of a life plan.

The pills that make you smarter and help your focus

When we have a problem with our brain, whether is about memory loss, energy loss or focus problems, we tend to look for solution. The most popular products used to solve all these problems are called nootropics or brain enhancers. That’s why you have to know the pills that make you smarter.

What are smart pills?

The pills that make you smarter are called brain enhancers or nootropics. A nootropic is a drug that improves mental working. Nootropics expand your retention and make you more focused. They have a protective result, and prevent amnesia and other cognitive problems in individuals who have suffered brain damage, whether chemical from toxins such as alcohol or physical. Smart pills have actually been utilized to treat conditions like Alzheimer’s and a lot more.over the counter pills that make you smarter

What smart pills do?

The pills that make you smart have other functions besides just increasing your IQ. They also improve memory and capability to learn, help the brain function under disruptive conditions, such as hypoxia and electroconvulsive shock. They also secure the brain from chemical and physical attack, increase the effectiveness of neuronal firing control systems and most of them have no adverse effects and are practically non-toxic.

Do smart pills function effectively?

Many individuals want to know if the pills that make you smarter can really enhance memory and response, so the answer is definitely yes. The finest vitamins, medicines and supplements obtainable in the market now can help as an impressive foundation of memory improvement for you.

For persons that are feeling worried and strained to the limit by their everyday obligations such as: work, school or extra chores at home-based, consuming tablets that can assist you keep your memory and have a powerful focus can help you to achieve far more throughout your day, without attainment that level of whole mental tiredness.

Though there are some drug medications that are available and can assist you, sometimes there are drawbacks from pills which are not of a natural origin, which is why you first have to acquire a medical appointment and a prescription for a product you truly need.

How to choose the best smart pills?

As mentioned before, there are some pills which are very popular, but are too dangerous for use and can cause addiction. The pills that make you smarter should be of natural origin, simply because they are safe for use and cannot cause serious negative effects.

You should always be concerned about the active ingredients utilized in the item and whether any of the chemical compounds have adverse result on you, due to the fact that any other medication you use might present a threat.

The best way to choose smart pills is by reading reviews and testimonials from people who have used it, and in case this product is brand new, it might be a good idea to take a look at results from clinical trials.

Conclusion

The pills that make you smarter should be made of natural compounds such as: gingko biloba, caffeine, vinpocetine, bacopa monieri and others. However, you should always keep in mind that there are a lot of products which are not effective, but are made just for scam.

In case you were wondering which is the best safe and natural supplement we suggest trying BrainPlus IQ, which is already a proven brand and does not cause negative effects.  Your brain needs an enhancer in order to work properly and if you take a quality enhancer, you will notice the results.

If you don’t trust the pills, you can also opt for some books to increase intelligence. Many include exercises and effective techniques to improve brain skills.

The most well known cannabinoids and its benefits for health

The endogenous cannabinoid system, called afterward the vegetable that resulted in its discovery, is possibly the most important psychologic system included in establishing and preserving human health. Endocannabinoids and their receptors are found through the body: in the intelligence, organs, connective tissues, glands and resistant cells. In each tissue, the cannabinoid scheme does various jobs, but the objective is always the exact same.The most well known cannabinoids

What exactly are Cannabinoids?

The most well known cannabinoids follow next. There is a class of chemical substances that naturally happen in the medical marijuana plant and it is called cannabinoids. These compounds are formed in sticky structures called glandular trichomes. Simply, one trichome has a series of kinds of cannabinoids.

The active substances vary, since some of them are used for medical purposes whilst others are used for personal and recreational purposes. The different compounds look and function in a different way from one another. So, depending on the compound and your intent for ingesting it, the cannabinoid might assist to recover or get you high instead. The cannabinoids come together with substances that are comparable to those discovered in the body to provide these results.

Of the approximately 500 natural compounds in the marijuana plant, there are 85 substances at minimum that are cannabinoids. While a few of these cannabinoids give you a buzzed feeling, since of their psychedelic homes, others do not!

Types of the most well known cannabinoids

The most well-known cannabinoids are THC and CBD. However, there are far more than just these two, and what follows is a list with all cannabinoids along with the effects they have on the human body.

  • CBD or also known as Cannabidiol is probably the most plentiful cannabinoid and contributes approximately 40% of cannabis. It is used as an anti-anxiety impact and can decrease the unfavorable results of THC on the brain. It also decreases nausea and vomiting, reduces seizure activity, fights inflammatory conditions, fight growth and cancer cells, fights stress and anxiety disorders etc.
  • THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) is the most typically understood cannabinoid and is most known for its psychedelic results. Nevertheless, it can be utilized for a plethora of symptoms as well. THC eases discomfort, queasiness, aids with sleep, assists with tension conditions, minimizes stress and anxiety, aids with cravings loss.
  • THCV (tetrahydrocannabivarin) is normally found in trace quantities in cannabis. The psychoactive impacts of THCV are two times as strong as those THC supplies, however lasts half as long. It counters stress and anxiety, lowers tumors connected with Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and other neurological conditions and also promotes bone growth.
  • CBG (Cannabigerol) is non-psychoactive cannabinoid and it is also found in trace quantities in marijuana. It is discovered that it is 10 times more effective than CBD in dealing with stress. It also has anti-inflammatory properties, anti-viral commercial properties and promotes bone development as well.
  • CBN (Cannabinol) has mild to non-psychoactive effects. It does not involve euphoric high, and it is discovered in trace amounts in cannabis. It takes place as THC destroyer, and of all cannabinoids, it is the most sedating. It helps those with chronic discomfort, sleeping disorders and it is an effective appetite stimulant.

Conclusion

You now know everything about the most well-known cannabinoids. Before deciding to include medical marijuana as part of your daily routine, make sure you visit a trained specialist in this area, who will advise you on doses and will suggest you the best natural products similar to Pure CBD.